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Different varieties of rice relate to paddy husker performance

To determine some physical and mechanical properties of three different varieties of rice that relate to paddy husker performance; To evaluate the dynamic flow of paddy rice in a paddy husker and the effect of the impeller speed and liner type on the husking performance; and to develop empirical relations between performance and operation parameters based on Weibull's distribution function and thus optimize the husking performance.

Milling generally refers to the reduction of food grains into various products like meal, flour, splitted products. It can also defined as the process of breaking down, separating, sizing, or classifying aggregate material. In wheat milling, it is referred to as the process by which wheat is ground into flour. Separating the wheat grain into its constituents (bran, germ and endosperm). In the rice industry, Milling is referred to as the overall operations in a rice mill i.e. cleaning, dehusking, paddy separation, bran removal and grading of milled rice. It is a crucial step in post-production of rice.

A screen and rotor assembly for a grain husking, decorticating, polishing and whitening machine, and including an abrading screen supported by a screen holder, and an abrading rotor concentrically arranged within the abrading screen. The spacing between working surfaces of the abrading screen and the abrading rotor is maintained at a constant value, despite wear of the abrading surfaces thereof, by a plurality of axially extending channels in the screen holder for housing a corresponding plurality of abrading members such that the abrading members in turn support the edges of a plurality of alternate screen members located between each pair of consecutive channels, the channels being provided with a plurality of adjustable fasteners for holding the abrading members and for adjusting the radial position thereof. A pair of axially extending grooves is formed on the rotor means, each groove housing an abrading insert and being provided with adjustable fasteners for holding the inserts and for adjusting the radial position thereof, whereby regardless of wear the spacing between the abrading members and the abrading inserts can be maintained at a constant value.

paddy separator is providedat the longitudinal sides, under the table, with vertical screws by turning which, after loosening the set screws, the inclination of thetable can be altered as required, whereupon the set screws are again tightened. The adjustment of the table is, therefore, a fairly complicated one. It is necessary first of all to loosen the set screws, then to adjust theset screws distributed at both longitudinal' sides of the table, and finally to tighten again thesingleset screws. The miller has of these setscrews to the other around the whole of the table, whichtakes a great deal of time, as the table for lar e machines is three meters long, or even stil longer. The securing after the adjustment is also effected no longer byfixing the separate screws, but byti'ghtening one single screw.

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Paddy cleaner is aimed to remove damaged wheat

The first cleaning is through paddy cleaner, which is aimed to remove damaged wheat, seeds and other extraneous matter by process of separation to maximum extend. First cleaning also aims of removing any dust from the wheat by means of scouring and aspiration. In addition to wheat being cleaned, it also must be prepared so that it is in for milling by conditioning treatment. The first cleaning equipment is magnet to remove iron impurities followed by size separation by separator. The size separator will sieve out the material larger and smaller than wheat. The size separator is followed by aspirator to separate lighter materials than wheat. The next cleaning stage separates heavier impurities from wheat by specific gravity. The indented cylinder contains pocket, into which wheat is centrally fed from one end. Material longer than the pocket designs discharges at the opposite end, whereas the smaller material sits in pockets until it falls from top of it, cycle by gravity into an adjustable angle trough conveyor.

Portable Paddy Cleaning Machine is designed to remove foreign materials and impurities such as sand particles, stones, paddy straws and foreign seeds from paddy. This machine provides farmers an alternative replacement of current conventional method should the farmers want to extract the paddy seed in small scale amount. Currently, they only use a traditional winnow technique as to obtain the seeds to be used next season or before processing paddies to become rice. The performance of this machine is very efficient where the percentage of clean paddy is observed to be at 95%. It helps farmers improvise their traditional method, reduces purchasing cost of paddy seed and utilizes the cleaning process at low cost and less maintenance.

Cleaner production principle is adapted to minimize the waste generated by attacking the point of generation and using potion of treated wastewater for soaking process. Industrial Ecology concept is adapted by using by product (waste) of the process, paddy husk as a fuel initially to operate the boiler and later ash of the husk as filtering media of wastewater. In addition, steam generated by burning paddy husk will be partly used to rotate biological rotating disk which facilitate aerobic reaction. Treatment process consists of two stages and in the first stage, BOD value is reduced by aerobic digestion with the help of rotating biological contractors (RBC) and in the second stage pre-treated wastewater sent through a carbon filter in order to reduce COD.

The physical properties such as density, specific gravity, weight, size of the impurities and rice grains were considered. These properties form the basic information for the design of the rice destoner. Parameters such as capacity (quantity of feed), axial dimension of rice grain, coefficient of friction and sphericity of the rice were determined in other to have a comprehensive and effective design of the machine.

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The paddy cleaner is for cleaning foreign matters and dust
The paddy cleaner or rice cleaning machine is a kind of cleaning equipment for cleaning foreign matters and dust with larger gravity than that of corn. During working, dust and light foreign matters will be absorbed by the fan. For millet and foreign matters with larger gravity than that of corn, as they have different gravity and suspending speed, under the fan’s function of inhale air, upper airflow will be generated on the scale-typed sieve plate of removing stone; Due to the function of airflow, millets will be suspended and stones will be submerged on the surface of sieve; Under the function of sieve plate with directional deflection and advance and return movement, stones will move upwards and be removed from the outlet of stones; and grains will move downwards under the function of self-gravity and flows from the fee outlet.

 


An energy meter will be used to measure power requirement of prime mower. During half hour run period, the appropriate volume of samples will be collected three times at equal interval of clean grain outlet and straw outlet. From the analysis of samples and sampling time feed rate, cleaning efficiency of winnower calculated. The effect of three feed rates on different parameters like cleaning efficiency, output capacity of winnower also determined.


There are two types of rotary cleaner: Single drum with aspirator and oscillation sieve. The single drum aspirator utilizes a single drum to separate large, light and heavy impurities. Lighter impurities are separated by suction aspiration and the oscillation sieves separate heavier impurities such as sand; Double drums with aspirator. This machine has two rotation drums with each drum having a different size hole on the wire mesh. It utilizes an aspirator to separate light impurities. This machine is typically used for cleaning freshly harvest paddy.



rice destoner main features: 1.Nice effects of grading stone-relieving and low energy consumption; 2.Non-dust spreading, low noise and stable operation; 3.Uses double electrical machine vibration of high production efficiency; 4.Suitable for stone relieving of unhusked rice, wheat and corns after cleaning.


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There is large need of rice polisher


By ricepolisher, 2018-06-19
There is large need of rice polisher

There is large need of rice polisher with optimised power consumption. Polishing any material is basically a phenomenon  of wear. Wear is  defined as  either mass or volume of material, removed or displaced from a solid surface, which is repeatedly subjected to mechanical stresses by rubbing with another solid  surface or surfaces. This  involves  removal of  material from a  solid surface by mechanical action, which may be sliding, rolling, impact or combination of these operations.

As rice is most consumable crop in world there is huge need of optimization in the rice milling process. In rice polisher most of the rice grains are break due to extensive force applied to grain to remove bran. Optimization in polishing chamber leads to reduction in the rice breakage. Shape of polishing chamber is more important parameter. As the polishing rotor is prone to wearas milling progress, hence the consideration of easy replacement and minimum downtime is another important factor. Cylindrical polishing chamber is always preferred over conical chamber. Second parameter is the rotating speed of polishing wheel. Peripheral speed more than 600m/s is mostly preferred; however the broken percent of rice kernel nearly doubles when Rotating speed is increased from 600 to 1200 rpm.

Quality of rice after milling process is depends on various factors, which include paddy drying, paddy harvesting conditions, environmental conditions, physical properties of paddy kernels, type of rice and quality of milling system components. The objective of this paper is to identify the optimum parameter to achieve uniformly polished yield of rice with less broken. The selection of vertical and horizontal machine to design has large effect on the head rice yield and vertical design is mostly preferred. The optimum moisture content of paddy rice for milling process was reviewed and it is observed to be varied according to the variety of rice grain and it had the least rice breakage when using three abrasive whiteners in series followed by one friction whitener as a polisher. As the cylinder speed increase from 600 to 1000 RPM, the percentage of broken kernels approximately gets doubled. Rice polishing cylinder material of contains two composite materials were binder material and abrasive material.

The flow of processes in a typical modern rice mill: (1) paddy fed into the intake pit; (2) precleaned paddy moves to the rubber roll husker; (3) mixture of brown rice and unhusked paddy moves to the separator; (4) unhusked paddy is separated and returned to the rubber roll husker; (5) brown rice moves to the destoner; (6) destoned brown rice moves to the rice whitener; (7) partially milled rice moves to the second whitener; (8) milled rice moves to the sifter; (9a) (for simple rice mills) ungraded milled rice moves to bagging station; (9b) (for more sophisticated mills) milled rice moves to the polisher; (10) polished rice moves to length grader; (11) head rice moves to head rice bin.

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paddy cleaner is used for a wide range of applications such as removing large impurities like stick, buck and leaves and are also used for removing fine dirt and sand from products in seed cleaning plants and seed processing plants. They incorporate two vibrating screens where the top screen performs the function of removing oversize material and the bottom screen removes fine dirt and sand. There are vibratory motors that are mounted in the center for vibration of the deck containing the screens. There are four hollow rubber springs on which the vibrating deck is mounted. This ensures that the vibration of the machine frame are reduced to a minimum. A swing down type door is also provided to ease change or cleaning of screens.

The important utilities in a rice mill are water, air, steam, electricity and labour. In a rice mill some of the operations are done manually namely, cleaning, sun drying, feeding paddy to the bucket elevators, weighing and packaging, etc. So the man-hours are also included in energy accounting. Water is used for soaking and steam generation. Electricity is the main energy source for these rice mills and is imported form the state electricity board grids. Electricity is used to run motors, pumps, blowers, conveyors, fans, lights, etc. The variations in the consumption rate of energy through the use of utilities during processing must also accounted for final cost of the finished product.

The grain’s bulk density, true density, and porosity is useful in sizing grain hoppers, storage facilities, and affects mass and heat transfer rates of moisture during aeration and drying processes. The ratio of the inter-granular void space volume and bulk volume of grain is porosity. Physical properties of plant and animal materials includes the voids within and among the particles. Drying of a grain bed with low porosity increases the water vapor escape resistance that can be overcome using higher power to drive the aeration fans. Some physical properties of rice seed. The differences between specific gravity and bulk density of the grain is the principle used for gravity cleaning of paddy separators to separate materials that have little difference in size and total mass. Principles and practices of rice production.

rice destoner is specifically designed for treatment of malting barley, seed grain and all other seed varieties. They are employed mainly for de-awning of barley, breaking clusters of beet seed and for surface polishing of grains and vegetable seeds thereby improving the appearance and increasing the bushel weight. Capacity up to 60 t/h. The Brush Machines are suitable for handling grass seeds and clovers, and separating double grasses. It is likewise used for removing the hairy tails from the germ end of oats. Capacity up to 4 t/h.

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Paddy separator depends on the inclination of the table

The selled and the nonshelled grains arrive separately from each other at the two longitudinal sides (the lowest and. the highest edge) of the table and can be collected at those places. Of these paddy separator, which have been known for years, depends on the inclination of the table being adjusted to suit exactly the nature of the material to be treated and also on the care being taken that the feed trough extending throughout the whole length of the table should supply the material to the single chambers of the table, arranged transversely of the trough, in exactly the same proportion of mixture. In order to comply with the first condition, the table must be arranged in such manner as to enable it to be inclined at any desired angle. This adjustment must be, however, easy and convenient to effect, if it isdesired to make sure that the miller should really keep changing the inclination after starting the work and noticing the result of the mixture, until the best result is obtained.

Apparent volume was observed to increase as moisture content increased. The ratio between apparent volume and surface area is usually called the characteristic length. Characteristic length has important role in handling irregularly shaped objects. Some of its application includes determination of projected area of particles moving in turbulent air stream, which can be useful in designing grain cleaners, separators, and pneumatic conveyors. As the ratio between surface area and volume increases, the rate of heat and mass transfer from kernel increases, which affects several unit operations such as drying, cooling and heating. The true volume was also found to increase as moisture content increased.

Indented cylinder separators or triers have, the differences in kernel length as their basic separating characteristic and have been using in seed cleaning and grain milling industry. Yamashita et al. (1979) and Yoshitomi et al. (1980) studied the separating mechanisms and the factors affecting the performance of the broken rice separator of indented cylinder type. Later, they conducted experimental tests in an attempt to use an indented cylinder separator for separating rough rice from brown rice in rice hulling process. Kawamura et al. (2006) developed a rough rice fine cleaning system by combining an indented cylinder separator with a gravity separator. An indented cylinder separator was used to separate hulled rice kernels from the whole sound paddy kernels.

paddy husker tests were performed at different impeller speeds using a hard urethane liner, a soft polystyrene liner and without a liner. Type of liner significantly affected the husking performance. Short-grain rice had high husking energy capacity and cracked grain ratio, but a low broken grain ratio compared with long-grain rice.

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During a milling operation by rice polisher


By ricepolisher, 2018-06-12
During a milling operation by rice polisher

Modeling of dynamic abrasion in a rice milling operation provides better understanding of the basic phenomenon, and also for design of optimal polishing systems to obtain higher quality-milled rice. During a milling operation by rice polisher, due to abrasion/friction there is an increase in surface temperature of rice grain. As the temperature of rice kernel increases, the grain experiences thermal stress and leads to crack generation. This probably results in reduction in head rice yield. The model developed predicts the temperature rice of the rice grain in an abrasive milling.

Medium grain brown rice was milled in an abrasive polisher. The rise in the bulk temperature was modelled by energy balance, on the basis of abrasion wear theory. The head rice yield was correlated with the final temperature of the grain and was found to decrease steadily with increase in the bulk temperature of the grain. The developed model accurately predicted well the bulk temperature rise in the rice grains with milling time. Energy utilised for milling was found to be about 33%, whereas, about 10% of the energy was utilised to raise the temperature of the grains, and 55–60% of the total energy was utilised in running the machine in idle conditions.

Features and Advantages of Rice Polisher: 1 It has specially made stainless steel, screw feeder and cam roller for longer life. 2 Can convert my machine as semi silky by adding the water. 3 Infinite adjustment for polishing. 4 A special blower will minimise the brokens by maintain cool temperature inside the chamber. 5 Low maintenance, and easy to operate.

There are few economic studies of the paddy separator. However, it plays an important role along the rice supply chain. There is a need for better understanding of the industry in order to obtain economic sustainability and effective policies. China-zjlg has industrial most advanced and complete inspection equipment, which can ensure the quality of the products, welcome to leave a message.